لطفا به نکات زیر در هنگام خرید دانلود پاورپوینت بيماريهاي cucumber توجه فرمایید.1-در این مطلب، متن اسلاید های اولیه دانلود پاورپوینت بيماريهاي cucumber قرار داده شده است 2-به علت اینکه امکان درج تصاویر استفاده شده در پاورپوینت وجود ندارد،در صورتی که مایل به دریافت تصاویری از ان قبل از خرید هستید، می توانید با پشتیبانی تماس حاصل فرمایید 3-پس از پرداخت هزینه ، حداکثر طی 12 ساعت پاورپوینت خرید شده ، به ادرس ایمیل شما ارسال خواهد شد 4-در صورت مشاهده بهم ریختگی احتمالی در متون زیر ،دلیل ان کپی کردن این مطالب از داخل اسلاید ها میباشد ودر فایل اصلی این پاورپوینت،به هیچ وجه بهم ریختگی وجود ندارد 5-در صورتی که اسلاید ها داری جدول و یا عکس باشند در متون زیر قرار نخواهند گرفت
اسلاید ۱ :
caused by the fungus Erysiphe cichoracearum, affects cucumber, muskmelon, pumpkin, and squash. It is caused by a fungus that appears as a white powdery growth on leaves. Crown leaves are affected first and may wither and die. The fungus can be introduced on greenhouse-grown plants or by wind from areas with relatively warm winter climate where the fungus can over-winter. Disease development is favored by high temperatures.
اسلاید ۲ :
on cucumber and muskmelon is caused by the fungus Pseudoperonospora cubensis. Irregularly shaped yellowish to brown spots appear on upper sides of leaves, usually at the center of plants. Under moist conditions, a purplish mildew develops on the underside of leaf spots. Leaves die as spots increase in size. Spread is rapid from the crown toward new growth. The causal fungus overwinters in areas with a relatively warm climate and can be introduced to other areas by wind. Moist conditions favor disease development.
اسلاید ۳ :
caused by Corynespora cassiicola, is similar to downy mildew in appearance. Leaf spots begin as small yellow flecks which become angular or as circular spots with light brown centers and dark brown spots. Spots vary from 1/8 to 3/8 inch in diameter. Lesion coalescence may result in large areas of dead tissue, which may shred and fall out.
اسلاید ۴ :
caused by Cercospora citrullina, affects cantaloupe and watermelon. Leaf spots are small, dark brown to black with a white center, and may have a yellow halo.
اسلاید ۵ :
ncaused by the fungus Alternaria cucumerina, occurs primarily on muskmelons but also on cucumbers and other cucurbits. Leaf spots are small, circular, and water-soaked at first, and then expand up to 1/2 inch in diameter with dark concentric rings within the spots. Spots coalesce to affect large areas of leaves and cause defoliation that begins on crown leaves. This disease-causing fungus overwinters on and in seed, as well as in residue from diseased plants. Fungus spores (reproductive structures) are spread by wind, by running and splashing water, on workers, and on tools and implements. Weak and senescing plants are more susceptible to Alternaria leaf spot than are vigorous plants.
اسلاید ۶ :
ncaused by the fungus Colletotrichum lagenarium, affects cucumbers, muskmelons, and watermelons. Muskmelon and cucumber leaf spots begin as yellowish or water-soaked areas that enlarge rapidly, turn brown, and shatter to form a ragged hole within the spot. Leaf spots on watermelons turn black. Elongated dark spots with light centers often develop on petioles and stems and can cause death of tissue beyond these spots. Young fruit may be killed, but large fruit usually develop depressed dark-bordered cankers with creamy pink colored ooze in the center. The fungus overwinters in seed and in residue from diseased plants, and is spread in splashing water. Humid weather and frequent rains promote disease development and spread.
اسلاید ۷ :
caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas lachrymans, affects cucumber, squash, and pumpkin and is characterized by conspicuous leaf symptoms. Stem and fruit symptoms occur, but are less conspicuous. Leaf spots are angular and irregular in shape and size. spots, water-soaked at first, later turn gray or tan and finally drop out, leaving ragged holes. Fruit infections appear as small sunken water-soaked spots; fruit rot soon follows. Bacteria which cause this disease overwinter on seed and persist in crop residue from diseased plants. Splashing rain and workers spread the bacterium within fields.
اسلاید ۸ :
caused by the fungus Cladosporium cucumerinum, affects muskmelons and susceptible cucumber varieties. Dry corky spots, up to 1/2 inch in diameter develop on cucumber and green muskmelon fruit. Under moist conditions a dark olive-green velvety growth covers the spot; this growth distinguishes scab from angular leaf spot on cucumber fruit. Spots also develop on young terminal stem growth and on petioles. When spots girdle young stems and petioles, growth beyond the spot dies. Affected areas on very young leaves are irregular in shape; the areas dry up. The disease-causing fungus overwinters on seed and in residue from diseased plants. Disease development is promoted by moist humid conditions and by cool night temperatures.
اسلاید ۹ :
is caused by Pythium aphanidermatum. The fungus can cause damping-off or vine cankers during unusually wet seasons, but fruit rot usually is the most prevalent symptom. The fungus penetrates fruit wounds and old flower parts, as well as plant parts touching the soil. Fruit rot begins as a dark green water-soaked area. Wet mushy rot develops rapidly and may become covered with white cotton mold during wet weather. The fungus will spread by fruit-to-truit contact and can cause rapid fruit rot in transit.
اسلاید ۱۰ :
caused by the fungus Choanephora cucurbitarum, is a summer squash fruit rot that affects wilted blossoms and spread to attached fruit. Infect fruit rot rabidly and fungus mold appears on the rotted area. The fungus growth resembles small black-headed pins stuck into the fruit. The disease-causing fungus is spread by insects, wind, and splashing water. Disease development is promoted by high moisture conditions.